June 20, 2024

Summer 2024 General Elections: What Could Happen to Taxes Depending on Which Party Wins in the UK

This post was written by: Riya Sekhon

As the UK gets ready for the Summer 2024 General Election, tax policy stands out as a crucial issue that could see significant changes based on the election outcome. The Labour Party and the Conservative Party, the primary contenders, have distinct perspective on taxation. Here’s an overview of the possible tax implications depending on the results.

If The Labour Party Wins:

Progressive Taxation and Wealth Redistribution

  1. Higher Taxes on the Wealthy – Labour might introduce higher income tax rates for top earners, potentially reintroducing the 50% tax rate for those earning above £150,000
  2. Capital Gains and Dividends – Expect proposals to align capital gains tax rates more closely win income tax rates, particularly for high earners, to ensure the wealthy pay their fair share
  3. Inheritance Tax Reforms – Labour could lower the inheritance tax threshold and increase rates to capture more revenue from wealthy estates

Corporate Tax Changes

  1. Increased Corporation Tax – Reversing recent cuts and possibly raising the corporation tax rate back to around 26%, with higher rates for larger companies
  2. Financial Transaction Tax – Introducing or increasing taxes on financial transactions to generate revenue from the financial sector

Support for Middle and Lower-Income Families

  1. Expanded Child Benefits – Increasing child benefits and making them more widely available
  2. Housing and Energy Subsides – Tax reliefs or direct subsidies aimed at reducing the cost of housing and energy for low-income families
  3. Education and Training – Enhanced tax deductions or credits for education and vocational training to support skills development and employment opportunities

If The Conservative Party Wins:

Continued Focus on Low Taxes

  1. Maintaining or Furthering Cutting Income Taxes – Conservatives could look to maintain current income tax rates or introduce further cuts, particularly for middle income earners
  2. Capital Gains and Dividends – Efforts to keep capital gains and dividends tax rates low to encourage investment
  3. Inheritance Tax Reforms – Potentially raising the inheritance tax threshold or introducing new reliefs to reduce the tax burden on inherited wealth

Corporate Tax Policies

  1. Stable or Reduced Corporation Tax Rates – Maintaining current rates or introducing further cuts to stimulate business investment and economic growth
  2. Incentives for Innovation – Enhanced tax reliefs for research and development, and other incentives aimed at fostering innovation and productivity

Targeted Support for Families

  1. Childcare Tax Credits – Expanding tax credits for childcare to help working parents
  2. Home Ownership Support – Tax reliefs or incentives to support first-time homebuyers and promote home ownership
  3. Retirement Savings – Increasing incentives for private pension contributions to encourage long-term savings

The Summer 2024 General Elections are assured to bring significant changes to the tax landscape. Whether it’s Labour’s vision of higher tax on the wealthy and increased public spending or the Conservatives’ commitment to low taxes and a business-friendly environment, the election results will have profound implications for individuals, businesses, and the broader economy. However, it’s important to remember that political promises are not guarantees. Even if a party wins, they may not implement their tax policies. As voters head to the polls, understanding these potential tax changes is crucial for making informed decisions about the future direction of the country.