February 24, 2023

What is an employment tribunal?

This post was written by: Laaibah Bhatti

Employment tribunals deal with claims brought against employers by employees. Claims can typically relate to unfair and wrongful dismissals, discrimination, equal pay, and deductions from wage deductions.

The employment tribunal is an independent body that operates outside the court system and provides an accessible, informal, and cost-effective means of resolving disputes between employees and employers.

When it comes to employment law, matters can become quite complicated. Therefore, many choose to have a lawyer to help them through the tribunal process.

Some examples of the type of dispute heard by employment tribunals include:

  • Unfair dismissal
  • Wrongful dismissal
  • Equal pay
  • Discrimination
  • Harassment
  • Deductions from wages

However, not all employment-related matters are heard in the employment tribunal.  Examples of employment disputes heard by civil courts are :

  • Accidents at work
  • Restrictive covenants
  • Contract claims for non- payment of wages
  • Wrongful dismissal claims and other contract claims

Proceedings in an employment tribunal can generally take some time, and inevitably cost money in legal fees.  Therefore, the parties may wish to settle an employment dispute without going through a full hearing either:

  • Between themselves directly
  • By using a conciliation service (ACAS)
  • By using an internal or external mediator

The employment tribunal’s decision is legally binding and can include orders for the employer to pay compensation or take specific actions such as reinstatement. If either party disagrees with the decision, there is the possibility of appealing subject to specific requirements. 

At Aston Bond we strongly believe that the employment tribunal is an essential forum for employees to seek justice and protect their rights in the workplace.

For more information, please contact head of employment at Aston Bond on imadarescu@astonbond.co.uk or 01753 486777.